Urology is a medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the male and female urinary system. Urologists may use many different tests when diagnosing or screening for a urologic condition. Because proper urinary function requires coordination of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, urological symptoms could have many possible causes. Doctors will usually recommend a variety of diagnostic tests depending on the specific symptoms.
Urine collection and blood tests are commonly the first steps in diagnosing and screening urologic conditions. Imaging tests such as pyelogram, cystography, CT scan or ultrasound of the kidney, prostate/rectal sonogram and renal angiogram provide visibility into the urinary tract to look for blockages, tumors and other abnormalities. Cystometry and urine flow tests help doctors assess whether urinary function is normal.
Common Urologic Conditions:
Urologists also specialize in conditions that affect the male reproductive organs. Common conditions include:
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