Diabetes is a life-long disease in which the body needs help to use food properly to give you energy. Diabetes is a disease caused by either a lack of insulin, inadequate amounts of insulin or an inability of the body to use insulin effectively. Diabetes is the third most prevalent disease in the United States and yet public knowledge about diabetes is still limited. Diabetes affects the eyes, heart, kidneys, nervous system and circulatory system. With education and careful management you can live well with diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes is insulin dependent. The majority of people with Type 1 diabetes will be diagnosed as having developed the disease during childhood or as a young adult.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Sudden weight loss
- Weakness and fatigue
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes develops gradually, and usually occurs around, or after the age of 40. Type 2 patients can often be managed by weight reduction, exercise, control of diet and occasionally oral medication.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:
Any of the Type 1 symptoms
- Blurred vision
- Tingling or numbness in legs, feet or fingers
- Slow healing cuts
- Frequent skin infections or dry, itchy skin
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is different from other forms of diabetes in that it goes away once the baby is born.
Who’s Most Likely to Get Diabetes:
- People who are overweight
- People with a history of diabetes in their family
- African Americans